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Muon decay electron time spectrum fit

Fits of muon decay electron time spectra to the exponential functions were performed taking into account the finite size of the time bins.

For the muon stopping in M different elements, it obviously holds in the continuous approximation that


where are the numbers of muons in the element k at time t, in which the muon disappearance rate is , and . By solving Eq. C.1 for , we have a number of $\mu $decay per unit time


where N0k is the number of muons at t=0 in the element k with . Note that Eq. C.2 can be decomposed into a set of M uncoupled independent equations.

On the other hand, the decay electron detection rate, which we measure in our experiments, is

  = (153)

where is the detector efficiency for decay electrons from the element k, and is the branching ratio of the muon-to-electron decay to total muon disappearance


where is the muon decay rate in free space, and, for the element k, Qk is the Huff factor, the nuclear capture rate, and is an effective rate representing other loss mechanisms such as muon transfer to heavier elements and muonic atom emission[*]. The Huff factor () takes into account the effect of muon binding to the nucleus, resulting in reduced phase space available as well as the time dilation of the muon's proper time with respect to the lab frame, both of which in turn lead to the reduction in muon decay rate, according to Huff [226]. Thus we have
  = (155)

We used . Note that because of muon loss channels it is , rather than , which is in the normalization factor in the final line of Eq. C.5.

The actual experimental time spectra are histogrammed in a finite size of time bin , hence are discrete function of ti ( ). To reflect this, Eq. C.5 is integrated over ,


Evaluating Eq. C.6, we have

This can be rearranged as

which can be expanded in to ,
  = (159)

Eq. C.9 is an explicit expression for the intuitively obvious conclusion that, in the limit of small , counts in a histogram bin are propotional to its bin size. It also shows that the use of the integrated fitting fucntion Eq. C.7 is necessary unless , i.e., the bin size is much smaller than the lifetime[*].

Thus, our fit function is, with a background term bkgd[*]


next up previous contents
Next: Bibliography Up: Makoto Fujiwara's PhD Thesis Previous: Muon decay electron time