In this section, we shall take a more detailed look at each step in the back decay in order to estimate the energy of after back decay.
When the muonic molecular complex is formed in the collision, it will receive recoil velocity . For the case of collisions at the main resonance of eV, cms-1. The final velocity of MMC is important since it affects the lab energy of back-decayed . Two kinematic extremes are the complete thermalization of MMC before it decays, and no thermalization at all. For either case, the maximum possible energy of back-decayed (for a low temperature target) is obtained when ``elastic scattering'' (i.e. no excitation of the target D2 molecule) takes place. However, even in elastic scattering, is decelerated in the lab frame due to the recoil of MMC and D2 as discussed above.
Cross sections for the interaction of has been calculated by Padial et al. [154,239]. Extrapolating a figure given in Ref.  to epithermal energies, the elastic scattering cross section appears to have a value of order cm-2. The average time between elastic collision , where n is the D2 number density, can be compared to the MMC life time, .
In the case of
eV, which corresponds to the
largest resonance for molecular formation in
recoil velocity is
cms-1, hence at a
molecular density of 1.4 N0/2 (
the atomic density of liquid hydrogen) corresponding to a solid at
s. Comparing this to
[156,152], we have
The average number of collisions needed to slow the MMC of
EMMCfin, can be roughly estimated, by generalizing the formula
for neutron thermalization :