(3.9) |

where = is in general complex. However there are two limitations to the measured time spectrum that affect the FFT. First, due to the finite lifetime of the muon, there are fewer counts at the later times. Second, the length of the time spectrum is finite. These features introduce noise and ``ringing'' in the FFT spectrum. To smooth out these unwanted features, one can introduce an apodization function such that

(3.10) |

This procedure results in a time spectrum that smoothly goes to zero at later times. However, the drawback is that this introduces an additional source of broadening which also smooths out the the sharp features of interest. Nevertheless, FFTs remain useful as an approximate visual illustration of the internal magnetic field distribution and for comparing the measured SR signal with the ``best-fit'' theory function from the time domain.